If you’ve been using a CentOS 7 or RedHat 7 system for some time and updating it regularly, you’re bound to accumulate multiple kernels.
In this post, we’ll learn how to check the number of installed kernels on a CentOS, RedHat or Fedora box and remove the older ones.
Check Installed Kernels
Go ahead and check how many versions of the kernel you have on your CentOS, Red Hat or Fedora system with the below command.
# rpm -q kernel kernel-3.10.0-123.20.1.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.1.2.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.4.2.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.7.2.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.11.1.el7.x86_64
On my CentOS 7 system (see above), there were five versions of the kernel.
Now that’s three too many if you ask me.
How to Remove Old Kernels
Removing old kernels is an easy task with the below procedure.
If you don’t already have it on your system, install yum-utils.
$ sudo yum install yum-utils
The next step is to set the package-cleanup count to as many old kernels you want left on the system. Let’s keep it at two.
# package-cleanup --oldkernels --count=2 Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks --> Running transaction check ---> Package kernel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-123.20.1.el7 will be erased ---> Package kernel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.1.2.el7 will be erased ---> Package kernel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.4.2.el7 will be erased ---> Package kernel-devel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-123.20.1.el7 will be erased ---> Package kernel-devel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.1.2.el7 will be erased ---> Package kernel-devel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.4.2.el7 will be erased --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved .......... Remove 6 Packages Installed size: 484 M Is this ok [y/N]: y ......... Removed: kernel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-123.20.1.el7 kernel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.1.2.el7 kernel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.4.2.el7 kernel-devel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-123.20.1.el7 kernel-devel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.1.2.el7 kernel-devel.x86_64 0:3.10.0-229.4.2.el7 Complete!
Voila, as simple as that.
Let’s again run the rpm -q kernel command to see how many kernels are left on our CentOS system.
$ rpm -q kernel kernel-3.10.0-229.7.2.el7.x86_64 kernel-3.10.0-229.11.1.el7.x86_64
As expected, there are only two kernels, which is what we wanted.
I have tested the above commands on CentOS 7 and CentOS 6 and they work fine on both.
They should work without issues on Red Hat and Fedora too.
To avoid accumulation of kernels again over time, let’s edit the /etc/yum.conf file.
To do this, first run the below command on the terminal and check the installonly_limit.
$ cat /etc/yum.conf [main] cachedir=/var/cache/yum/$basearch/$releasever keepcache=0 debuglevel=2 logfile=/var/log/yum.log exactarch=1 obsoletes=1 gpgcheck=1 plugins=1 installonly_limit=5
On my CentOS 7 desktop, the installonly_limit was set to 5.
Now let’s open Vim or Nano and reduce the installonly_limit from 5 to 2.
You’re now set and don’t have to worry about old kernels accumulating on your CentOS or Red Hat system again.
At any time, there’ll just be two kernels on your Linux box.
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